Soviet POWs in a temporary collection area beg local passers-by for food. During the war, Germany engaged in deliberately genocidal policies towards Soviet POWs. This resulted in some 3.3 to 3.5 million deaths, or about 60% of all Soviet POWs. During Operation Barbarossa, the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, and the subsequent war between the U.S.S.R. and Germany and the Axis partners, millions of Soviet Army prisoners of war were taken. Some of them were arbitrarily executed in the field by the German forces, died under inhumane conditions in German prisoner of war camps and during ruthless death marches from the front lines, or were transported to Nazi concentration camps. Deliberate starvation lead many desperate Soviet POWs to resort to acts of cannibalism. Near Kalinin, Tver Oblast, Russia, Soviet Union. July 1942.